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SUN, 25 JUL 2021 Kurdistan Region (GMT +3)
KDP FR ■  FRI, 11 JUN 2021 16:08

2021 Quarterly Humanitarian Bulletin Q2

A tragic fire in the Sharia Camp in Dohuk, home to 12149 Yazidi IDPs, burned about 400 tents on June 4. Several organizations—among them Yazda, the Free Yazidi Foundation, the Barzani Charity Foundation, and Khalsa Aid—provided aid to the affected people and helped restore the camp.

The Kurdistan Region of Iraq continues to host the largest number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) and refugees in Iraq. According to Kurdistan Regional Government’s Joint Crisis Coordination Center (KRG-JCC), 927,813 displaced people are registered with the KRG, of whom 665,828 are IDPs, and 261,985 are refugees. Out of the refugees, 241,749 are from Syrian Kurdistan, 8,701 from Kurdistan of Turkey, 10,706 from Kurdistan of Iran, 746 are Palestinian, and 83 are from elsewhere.

The vast majority of the IDPs and refugees, 70 percent, live outside of camps, within the host communities in Kurdistan, while about 30 percent reside in 36 camps across the three provinces: 41 percent of the total displaced population live in Erbil, 40 percent in Duhok, and 19 percent in Slemani.

The Yazidi community continues to experience severe hardship. According to JCC-KRG, a short-circuit caused a fire that burnt about 400 tents at the Yazidi Sharia Camp home to 2,306 families, 12,149 Yazidis. Twenty-five people were injured, and eight were rushed to the hospital because of breathing difficulties. Moreover, security threats from hostile regional militias and remnants of ISIS remain a major impediment to their safe return to their homes in Sinjar and the surrounding areas.

Nevertheless, according to the United Nations Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), two UN agencies in Iraq announced new projects to support survivors of the Yazidi genocide in April 2021. The International Organization for Migration (IOM) in Iraq announced a joint project to rebuild homes and promote community memorialization efforts in the village of Kocho that experienced some of the worst ISIS brutalities in April 2021. Moreover, UN-Habitat signed an MOU with Iraq’s Ministry of Justice on 12 April to assist Yazidis in reclaiming their housing, land, and property rights in Sinjar. Yazidis often face significant difficulties in proving ownership of their property because of the legacy of discriminatory policies by the central government or missing, damaged, or destroyed documents after the conflict with ISIS.

About 650,000 IDPs and refugees live outside of camps, while about 278,300 reside in 36 camps across the Kurdistan Region. A total of 11,141 IDPs and 428 refugees returned to their places of origin and/or left the country since January 2021, while 4,488 IDPs and 2,227 arrived in the Kurdistan Region More than half of the displaced people are women and children. The number of IDPs and Syrian refugees that arrived to the Kurdistan Region between January to May 2021 The number of IDPs and Syrian refugees that returned to their places of origin or left the Kurdistan Region between January to May 2021 Moreover, in recent weeks, 32 families in Kesta and 19 from the Christian village of Chalke in the Barwari Bala sub-district of Duhok province evacuated their village because of the ongoing Turkish bombardment of the border area.

Since 1992, more than 500 villages in the Kurdistan Region have been evacuated or completely destroyed because of clashes between Turkey and the PKK. About 4,000 dunams (approximately 990 acres) of land have been burned by Turkish bombardments in the Duhok province this year alone. Although Iraq’s 2021 Federal Budget Law was passed by the Iraqi parliament in late March, Baghdad has yet to send KRG’s share of the federal budget. The lack of nearly 12 months of budget transfers from Baghdad, coupled with the pandemic and the deep economic recession, have caused hardship to the local population and displaced people inside Kurdistan and the disputed territories. The cost of providing essential services to nearly 1 million IDPs and refugees in Kurdistan is about $871 million per year, $72 million per month, and $2.4 million per day.

Although the KRG has been shouldering about 70% of the costs, the current economic situation has constrained KRG’s ability to meet the IDPs’ and refugees’ needs appropriately. Thus, the KRG calls on the United States and the international community to provide greater assistance during this crisis to adequately maintain the displaced people’s well-being, security, and stability.



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Three Yezidi Mass Graves Destroyed in Sinjar: Mayor